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KELLY JANE RHODES,
Plaintiff-Appellant,
v.
STATE OF MICHIGAN, et al.,
Defendants,

PAUL MCPHERSON; RICHARD JONES,
Defendants-Appellees.
   No. 20-1246
Appeal from the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan at Detroit.
No. 2:17-cv-12416—Terrence George Berg, District Judge.
Argued: April 29, 2021
Decided and Filed: August 24, 2021
Before: DAUGHTREY, MOORE, and THAPAR, Circuit Judges.


_________________________
OPINION
_________________________

KAREN NELSON MOORE, Circuit Judge. While incarcerated and working as a laundry porter at Women’s Huron Valley Correctional Facility (“WHVCF”), Kelly Rhodes suffered a severe skull fracture and other injuries when an industrial laundry cart—weighing as much as 400 pounds—fell from the truck from which it was being unloaded and struck her. Rhodes brought suit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983, seeking damages against the State of Michigan, the Michigan Department of Corrections (“MDOC”), and various individuals for their roles in the incident, alleging, inter alia, violations of the Eighth Amendment and substantive due process. After Rhodes voluntarily dismissed the other defendants, the district court granted summary judgment on the basis of qualified immunity to Richard Jones, an MDOC employee who was driving the laundry truck, and Paul McPherson, a WHVCF officer who was operating the truck’s hydraulic lift gate when the incident occurred. For the reasons that follow, we REVERSE in part, AFFIRM in part, and REMAND for further proceedings.