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UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
Plaintiff-Appellee,
v.
BENJAMIN EDWARD HENRY BRADLEY,
Defendant-Appellant.
   No. 19-5985
Appeal from the United States District Court
for the Middle District of Tennessee at Nashville.
No. 3:15-cr-00037-2—Aleta Arthur Trauger, District Judge.
Decided and Filed: August 10, 2020
Before: SUTTON, McKEAGUE, and KETHLEDGE, Circuit Judges.


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OPINION
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SUTTON, Circuit Judge. Between 2009 and 2015, Benjamin Bradley ran a drug trafficking conspiracy that distributed a lot of opioid pills in Tennessee. After he pleaded guilty to drug trafficking and money laundering charges, the district court sentenced him to 17 years in prison and ordered him to forfeit a million dollars, two cash payments, and five properties. We vacated the forfeiture order in light of Honeycutt v. United States, 137 S. Ct. 1626 (2017). On remand, the court found additional facts and issued a similar forfeiture order requiring Bradley to give up a million dollars, the two cash payments, and four (instead of five) properties. Bradley challenges that order on statutory, factual, and constitutional grounds. We affirm.



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ZACKERY BECK,
Plaintiff-Appellee,
v.
HAMBLEN COUNTY, TENNESSEE,
Defendant,

ESCO JARNAGIN, Hamblen County Sheriff, in his individual capacity,
Defendant-Appellant.
   No. 19-5428
Appeal from the United States District Court
for the Eastern District of Tennessee at Greeneville.
No. 2:17-cv-00178—Travis R. McDonough, District Judge.
Argued: December 11, 2019
Decided and Filed: August 10, 2020
Before: BATCHELDER, WHITE, and MURPHY, Circuit Judges.


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OPINION
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MURPHY, Circuit Judge. Zackery Beck claims to have been assaulted by other inmates while detained at the jail in Hamblen County, Tennessee. He seeks damages from Hamblen County Sheriff Esco Jarnagin under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. But his claim faces an immediate obstacle: Sheriff Jarnagin had no direct involvement in Beck’s detention, and § 1983 does not impose vicarious liability on supervisors for their subordinates’ actions. See Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 676 (2009). Beck responds that the overcrowded jail has repeatedly flunked minimum standards and that Jarnagin has long known of its failures. Beck thus seeks to hold Jarnagin liable for his assault on the ground that Jarnagin has been deliberately indifferent to inmate safety. Yet our existing caselaw would not have clearly signaled to Jarnagin that his responses to the overcrowding problem were so unreasonable as to violate the Fourteenth Amendment. We thus reverse the district court’s denial of qualified immunity to Jarnagin.



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TODD COURSER,
Plaintiff-Appellant,
v.
KEITH ALLARD; BENJAMIN GRAHAM; JOSHUA CLINE,
Defendants-Appellees.
   No. 20-1038
Appeal from the United States District Court
for the Western District of Michigan at Grand Rapids.
No. 1:18-cv-00874—Gordon J. Quist, District Judge.
Argued: July 29, 2020
Decided and Filed: August 10, 2020
Before: MOORE, CLAY, and McKEAGUE, Circuit Judges.


_________________________
OPINION
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KAREN NELSON MOORE, Circuit Judge. Todd Courser was a member of the Michigan House of Representatives. His affair with fellow-representative Cindy Gamrat and his related misconduct lost him that office. Courser, however, does not see himself as the source of his misfortunes and instead alleges that the Defendants—Keith Allard, Benjamin Graham, and Joshua Cline—conspired together and with the Michigan House of Representatives to remove him from office. Each Defendant worked for Courser and Gamrat as their legislative aides. Two of them, Allard and Graham, went to the press to expose Courser’s and Gamrat’s affair, Courser’s attempted coverup, and Courser’s misuse of his public office for political and personal purposes. The Detroit News coverage prompted the Michigan House of Representatives to issue a report and hold a hearing on the allegations. Courser resigned before he could be expelled.

This case is one of several that Courser and Gamrat have filed against various persons that they believe conspired against them to end their political careers. For the reasons that follow, we AFFIRM the district court’s judgment of dismissal of all claims against all Defendants.