Appeal from the United States District Court
for the Northern District of Ohio at Cleveland.
No. 1:19-cr-00166-1—Dan A. Polster, District Judge.
Argued: July 29, 2020
Decided and Filed: August 6, 2020
Before: SUTTON, COOK, and MURPHY, Circuit Judges.
SUTTON, Circuit Judge. William Kozerski pleaded guilty to wire fraud after he
obtained six government construction contracts by impersonating a disabled veteran. His
Sentencing Guidelines range depends on how to calculate the “loss” for this crime. The district
court treated the loss as the aggregate difference between Kozerski’s bids and the next-lowest
bids, about $250,000. The government argues the loss amount should be the total value of the
contracts without deducting the value of the services provided, about $12 million. We agree
with the district court and affirm.