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TERRENCE JAMAL WILLIAMS, aka Terrance Jamal Williams (State Prisoner #588573),
Petitioner-Appellant,
v.
SHERRY L. BURT, Warden,
Respondent-Appellee.
   No. 18-1461
Appeal from the United States District Court
for the Eastern District of Michigan at Bay City.
No. 1:13-cv-14493—Thomas L. Ludington, District Judge.
Argued: January 30, 2020
Decided and Filed: February 11, 2020
Before: SUTTON, BUSH, and READLER, Circuit Judges.


_________________________
OPINION
_________________________

CHAD A. READLER, Circuit Judge. Terrence Williams (often referred to as “Terrance Williams” in court documents) was sentenced to life imprisonment without parole for his role in a drive-by shooting outside a Detroit nightclub. That verdict and sentence came at the close of an eventful trial—one marked by outbursts, threats toward witnesses, and offensive language— transgressions committed by witnesses, spectators, and counsel alike. After a particularly contentious incident involving a witness and defense counsel, the court took protective action, temporarily closing the courtroom to spectators before reopening it a few days later.

On direct appeal, and now in this habeas proceeding, Williams argues that the temporary closure violated his Sixth Amendment right to a public trial. Terry Price, Williams’s trial counsel, failed to object to the closure, however, meaning that Williams defaulted his public trial claim in the state proceeding. And he has not overcome that failure by showing that his counsel was constitutionally ineffective, which might otherwise constitute cause and prejudice excusing the default. We accordingly AFFIRM the judgment of the district court.



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ARIEL LUNA-ROMERO,
Petitioner,
v.
WILLIAM P. BARR, Attorney General,
Respondent.
   No. 19-3151
On Petition for Review from the Board of Immigration Appeals;
No. A 205 486 033.
Decided and Filed: February 11, 2020
Before: BATCHELDER, LARSEN, and MURPHY, Circuit Judges.


_________________________
OPINION
_________________________

MURPHY, Circuit Judge. Ariel Luna-Romero, a citizen of Argentina, entered the United States illegally. When the government sought to remove him, he applied for asylum, 8 U.S.C. § 1158(b), withholding of removal, id. § 1231(b)(3)(A), and protection under the Convention Against Torture (“CAT”), 8 C.F.R. § 1208.16(c). The Board of Immigration Appeals dismissed his appeal from the denial of these applications. We deny his petition for review.